Cristina Bicchieri

Harvie Professor of Social Thought and Comparative Ethics

Laurea, Philosophy, Universita di Milano;

Ph.D. in Philosophy of Science, Cambridge University

Office Location: 
491 Claudia Cohen Hall
Research Interests: 

Decision Processes

Social and Cultural Psychology

Specific Research Areas: 

Social norms, prosocial behavior

Research Synopsis:

My intellectual affinities lie at the border between philosophy, game theory and psychology. My primary research focus is on judgment and decision making with special interest in decisions about fairness, trust, and cooperation, and how expectations affect behavior. A second research focus examines the evolution of social norms, especially norms of fairness and cooperation. A third, earlier research focus has been the epistemic foundations of game theory and how changes in information affects rational choices and solutions.


Philosophy Department; Psychology Graduate Group; Legal Studies (Wharton)


Professor Cristina Bicchieri will not be considering new graduate students for admission for Fall 2023.

Selected Publications: 

“Norms, Conventions and the Power of Expectations” in N. Cartwright (ed.) Philosophy of Social   Science, Oxford University Press (in press)

“On the Emergence of Descriptive Norms", (with R. Muldoon, S. Hartmann, C. Lisciandra and J. Sprenger, Politics, Philosophy and Economics (in press)

“Self-serving Biases and Public Justification in Trust games” (with H. Mercier), Synthese (in press).

“Norms and beliefs: The dynamics of change” (with H. Mercier), in B. Edmonds (ed.) The Dynamic View of Norms. Cambridge University Press (in press)

“Words or Deeds? Choosing what to Know about Others” (with Erte Xiao), Synthese, 187 (1): 49-63, 2012

“Social Norms” (with R. Muldoon), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2011

 “Norms, Preferences and Conditional Behavior”, Politics, Philosophy and Economics 9(3): 297-313, 2010

"Studying the ethical implications of e-trust in the lab" (with Azi Lev-On), Ethics and Information Technology, 13 (1): 5-15, 2011

“Trusting is not a norm, but reciprocity is ”(with Erte Xiao and Ryan Muldoon), Politics, Philosophy and Economics, January 31, 2011

"Behaving as Expected: Public Information and Fairness Norms" (with Alex Chavez), Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 23 (2): 161-178, 2010.  Reprinted in Michael Baurmann / Geoffrey Brennan / Robert E. Goodin / Nicholas Southwood (editors): Norms and Values. The Role of Social Norms as Instruments of Value Realisation, Nomos Verlag, Baden-Baden, 2010

“When Equality Trumps Reciprocity” (with Erte Xiao), Journal of Economic Psychology 31 (3): 456-470, 2010

“The Medium or the Message? Communication Richness and Relevance in Trust games” (with Azi Lev-On and Alex Chavez), Synthese 176 (1): 125-147, 2010

“Group and Dyadic Communication in Trust Games.” (with Azi Lev-On and Alex Chavez), Rationality and Society, 22(1), 2010

“An Embarrassment of Riches: Modeling Social Preferences in Ultimatum games”, (with. Jiji Zhang) in U. Maki (ed.) Handbook of the Philosophy of Economics, Elsevier 2010

“Do the right thing: but only if others do so” (with Erte Xiao), Journal of Behavioral Decision Making 22: 191-208, 2009

“Rationality and Indeterminacy”, in D. Ross and H. Kinkaid (eds.) The Handbook of Philosophy of Economics, The Oxford Reference Library of Philosophy, Oxford University Press 2009: 159-188