Paul Crits-Christoph

Professor of Psychiatry

BA, University of Pennsylvania

Ph.D., Clinical Psychology, Yale University

His primary interests are in the process and outcome of psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioral treatments for anxiety, affective and personality disorders, psychosocial treatments for substance use disorders, and methodological and statistical issues in treatment research. More recently he has been focusing on research on treatments for depression and substance use disorders in community settings.


Office Location: 
3535 Market Street, Room 650
Research Interests: 

Psychopathology and Psychotherapy

Specific Research Areas:

Process and outcome of psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioral treatments for anxiety

Affective and personality disorders

Psychosocial treatments for substance use disorders

Methodological and statistical issues in treatment research


Professor Paul Crits-Christoph will not be considering new graduate students for admission for Fall 2021.


Selected Publications: 

Crits-Christoph, P., Siqueland, L., Blaine, J., Frank, A., Luborsky, L., Onken, L.S.,Muenz, L., Thase, M., Weiss, R.D., Gastfriend, D.R., Woody, G., Barber, J.P., Butler, S.F., Daley, D., Bishop, S., Najavits, L.M., Lis, J., Mercer, D., Griffin, M.L., Moras, K., Beck, A.T.  (1997).  The NIDA Collaborative Cocaine Treatment Study: Rationale and Methods.Archives of General Psychiatry, 54, 721-726.

DeRubeis, R.J., & Crits-Christoph, P. (1998). Psychological treatments of adult disorders.   Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, 37-52.

Crits-Christoph, P., Siqueland, L., Chittams, J., Barber, J.P., Beck, A.T., Frank, A., Liese, B., Luborsky, L., Mark,D., Mercer, D., Onken, L.S., Najavits, L.M., Thase, M.B., & Woody, G. (1998). Training in cognitive, supportive-expressive, and drug counseling therapies for cocaine dependence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, 484-492.

Crits-Christoph, P., Connolly, M.B., Shappell, S., Elkin, I., Krupnick, J., & Sotsky, S. (1999). Interpersonal narratives in cognitive and interpersonal psychotherapies. Psychotherapy Research, 9,  22-35.

Gladis, M., Gosch, E., Dishuk, N., & Crits-Christoph, P. (1999). Quality of life: Expanding the scope of clinical significance.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67, 320-331.

Crits-Christoph, P., Siqueland, L., Blaine, J., Frank, A., Luborsky, L., Onken, L.S., Muenz, L.R., Thase, M.E., Weiss, R.D., Gastfriend, D.R., Woody, G.E., Barber, J.P., Butler, S.F., Daley, D., Salloum, I., Bishop, S., Najavits, L.M., Lis, J., Mercer, D., Griffin, M.L., Moras, K., & Beck, AT. (1999). Psychosocial treatments for cocaine dependence: National Institute on Drug Abuse Collaborative Cocaine Treatment Study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56, 493-502.

Barber, J.P., Connolly, M.B., Crits-Christoph, P., Gladis, M., & Siqueland, L. (2000).  Alliance predicts patients' outcome beyond in-treatment change in symptoms.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 1027-1032.

Crits-Christoph, P., Siqueland L., McCalmont, E., Weiss, R.D., Gastfriend, D.R., Frank, A., Moras, K.,  Barber, J.P., Blaine, J., & Thase, M.E.(2001). Impact of psychosocial treatments on associated problems of cocaine dependent patients. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69, 825-830.

Crits-Christoph, P., Gibbons, M.B., Barber, J.P., Gallop, R., Beck, A.T., Mercer, D., Tu, X., Thase, M.E., Weiss, R.D., Frank, A. (2003). Mediators of outcome of psychosocial treatments for cocaine dependence.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71, 918-925.  

Stirman, S., DeRubeis, R., Crits-Christoph, P., Kahn, P. (2003). Are samples in randomized controlled trials of psychotherapy representative of community outpatients? A new methodology and initial findings. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71, 963-972.

Stirman, S., Crits-Christoph, P., DeRubeis, R. (2004). Achieving the successful dissemination of empirically supported psychotherapies: A synthesis of dissemination theory. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11, 343-359.

Stirman, S., DeRubeis R., Crits-Christoph, P. Rothman, A. (2005). Can the randomized control trial literature generalize to nonrandomized patients? Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 127-135.

Crits-Christoph, P., Connolly Gibbons, M.B, Crits-Christoph, K., Narducci, J., Schamberger, M., & Gallop, R. (2006). Can therapists be trained to improve their alliances? A pilot study of Alliance-Fostering Therapy. Psychotherapy Research, 13, 268-281.

Crits-Christoph, P., Connolly Gibbons, M. B. C., Barber, J. P., Hu, B., Hearon, B., Worley, M., et al. (2007). Predictors of sustained abstinence during psychosocial treatments for cocaine dependence. Psychotherapy Research, 17(2), 240-252.

Gallop, R.J., Crits-Christoph, P., Ten Have T.R., Barber, J.P., Frank, A. Griffin, M.L., Thase, M.E. (2007). Differential transitions between cocaine use and abstinence for men and women. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75, 95-103.

Ball, S.A., Martino, S., Nich, C., Frankforter, T.L., van Horn D., Crits-Christoph, P., Woody, G.E., Obert, J.L., Farentinos, C., Carroll, K.M. (2007). Site matters: multisite randomized trial of motivational enhancement therapy in community drug abuse clinics. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75, 556-567.   

Crits-Christoph, P., Newberg, A., Wintering, N., Ploessl, K., Connolly Gibbons, M.B., Ring-Kurtz, S., Gallop, R., Present, J. (2008). Dopamine transporter levels in cocaine dependent subjects. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 98, 70–76.

Crits-Christoph, P., Connolly Gibbons, M.B., Gallop, J., Stirman, S.W., Present, J., Temes, C., & Goldstein, L.A. (2008). Changes in positive quality of life over the course of psychotherapy. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 45, 419–430.

Calsyn, D.A., Hatch-Maillette, M. Tross, S., Doyle, S.R., Crits-Christoph, P., Song, Y.S., Harrer, J.M., Lalos, G., Berns, S.B. (2009). Motivational and skills training HIV/STI sexual risk reduction groups for men. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 37, 138–150.

Tang, W., Yu, Q., Crits-Christoph, P. & Tu, X.M. (2009). A new analytic framework for moderation analysis --- moving beyond analytic interactions. Journal of Data Science, 7,  313-329.

Crits-Christoph, P., Gallop, R., Temes, C.M., Woody, G., Ball, S.A., Martino, S., & Carroll, K.M. (2009). The alliance in motivational enhancement therapy and counseling as usual for substance use problems. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77, 1125-1135.

Gibbons M.B.C., Crits-Christoph P., Barber J.P., Stirman S.W., Gallop R., Goldstein L.A., Temes C.M., and Ring-Kurtz S. (2009). Unique and common mechanisms of change across cognitive and dynamic psychotherapies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77, 801-813.

Calsyn, D.A., Crits-Christoph, P., Hatch-Maillette, M. Song, Y.S., Coyer, S., & Pelta, S. (2010). Reducing sex under the influence of drugs or alcohol for patients in substance abuse treatment. Addiction, 105, 100-108.

Stulz, N., Gallop, R., Lutz, W., Wren, G.L., & Crits-Christoph, P. (2010). Examining differential effects of psychosocial treatments for cocaine dependence: An application of latent trajectory analyses. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 106, 164-172.

Crits-Christoph, P., Ring-Kurtz, S., McClure, B., Temes, C., Kulaga, A., Gallop, R., Forman, R., & Rotrosen, J. (2010). A randomized controlled study of a web based performance improvement system for substance abuse treatment providers. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 38, 251-262.

Stulz, N., Thase, M.E., Klein, D., Gallop, R., Manber, R., & Crits-Christoph, P. (2010). Differential effects of treatments for chronic depression: a latent growth model reanalysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78, 409-419. 

Stirman, S., Goldstein, L., Connolly Gibbons, M.B., Barrett, M., Wrenn, G., Thompson, D., Casiano, D., Green, P., Barber, J., Heintz, L., & Crits-Christoph, P.  (2010). Developing research and recruitment while fostering stakeholder engagement in a National Institute of Mental Health-funded Interventions and Practice Research Infrastructure Programs grant for Depression. Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action, 4, 299-303.

Calsyn, D.A., Campbell, A.N.C., Crits-Christoph, P., Doyle, S.R., Tross, S., Hatch-Maillette, M.A., Mandler, R. (2010). Men in methadone maintenance versus psychosocial outpatient treatment:  Differences in sexual risk behaviors and intervention effectiveness from a multisite HIV prevention intervention trial.  Journal of Addictive Diseases, 29, 370-382.

Crits-Christoph, P., Gibbons, M.B., Temes, C., Elkin, I., & Gallop, R. (2010). Interpersonal accuracy of interventions and the outcome of cognitive and interpersonal therapies for depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78, 420-428.

Stulz, N., Thase, M., Gallop, R., & Crits-Christoph (2011). Psychosocial treatments for cocaine dependence: the role of depressive symptoms. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 114, 41-48.

Calsyn, D.A., Crits-Christoph, P., Baldwin, H., Niu, X., Crits-Christoph, P., Hatch-Maillette, M.A. (2011). Sexual risk behavior and sex under the influence: an event analysis of men in substance abuse treatment who have sex with women. The American Journal on Addictions, 20, 250-256.

Connolly Gibbons, M.B., Rothbard, A., Farris, K., Stirman, S.W., Thompson, S.M., Scott, K., Heinz, L., Gallop, R., & Crits-Christoph, P. (2011). Changes in psychotherapy utilization among consumers of services for major depressive disorder in the community mental health system. Administration and Policy in Mental Health & Mental Health Services Research, 38(6), 495-503.

Crits-Christoph, P., Johnson, J., Gallop, R., Connolly Gibbons, M.B., Hamilton, J., & Tu, X. (2011). A generalizability theory analysis of group process ratings in the treatment of cocaine dependence. Psychotherapy Research, 21, 252-266.

Crits-Christoph, P., Hamilton, J., Ring-Kurtz, S., Gallop, R., McClure, B.,  Kulaga, A., & Rotrosen, R. (2011). Program, counselor, and patient variability in the alliance: a multilevel study of the alliance in relation to substance use outcomes. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment,  40, 405–413.

Crits-Christoph, P., Connolly Gibbons, M.B., Hamilton, J., Ring-Kurtz, S., & Gallop, R. (2011). The dependability of alliance assessments: the alliance-outcome correlation is larger than you might think. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 79, 267–278. 

Høglend, P., Hersoug, A.G., Bøgwald, K., Amlo, S., Marble, A., Sørbye, O., Røssberg, J.I., Ulberg, R., Gabbard, G.O., Crits-Christoph, P. (2011). Effects of transference work in the context of therapeutic alliance and quality of object relations. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 79(5), 697-706.

Crits-Christoph, P., Newman, M.G., Rickels, K., Gallop, R., Connolly Gibbons, M.B., Hamilton, J.L., Ring-Kurtz, S., Pastva, A.M. (2011). Combined medication and cognitive therapy for generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 25, 1087-1094.

Crits-Christoph, P., Ring-Kurtz, S., Hamilton, J., Lambert, M., Gallop, R., McClure, B., Kulaga, A., & Rotrosen, R. (2011). A preliminary study of the effects of individual patient-level feedback in outpatient substance abuse treatment programs. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(3), 301-309.

Connolly Gibbons, M.B., Thompson, S.M., Scott, K., Heintz, L., Thompson, D., Green, P., MacArthur, M.J., & Crits-Christoph, P. (2012). Supportive-expressive dynamic psychotherapy in the community mental health system: a pilot effectiveness trial for the treatment of depression. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, & Training. 49(3):303-316.